14. Annual Flower
15. Fruit Trees and Small Fruits
16. Ground Covers
17. Herbaceous Perennials
18. Indoor Flowring and Foliage Plants
19. Landscape Grasses
21. Trees, Shrubs and Woody Vines
22. MNLA Certification Plant Identification Resource
- 14. Annual Flowers
A. Explain what is involved in an annual completing its life cycle in one year.
B. Identify and explain the requirements for light, soil and nutrition in annual plants.
C. Identify annual plant diseases and insect pests and their control.
D. Describe advantages and disadvantages of growing annuals.
E. Explain characteristics of annual plants that make them suitable for specific landscape uses.
- 15. Fruit Trees and Small Fruits
A. Identify the planting and cultural requirements for growing Fruit Trees.
B. Explain why and how pruning of Fruit trees may differ from pruning shade trees.
C. Recommend varieties of tree fruits and small fruits appropriate for specific environmental or edaphic sites.
D. Identify and understand terms associated with fruit quality characteristics.
- 16. Ground Covers
A. Identify specific landscape circumstances in which groundcovers are effective.
B. Identify appropriate ground cover plants that provide specific landscape solutions.
C. Identify and describe installation and cultural practices for growing groundcovers.
- 17. Herbaceous Perennials
A. Explain the planting and maintenance requirements of perennial plants.
B. Identify the bloom season, color and size of commonly used perennials.
C. Explain the pruning requirements of perennials in production and in the landscape.
D. Identify and explain the propagation methods used for most perennial plants.
E. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of growing perennials commercially and in the landscape.
- 18. Indoor Flowering and Foliage Plants
A. Describe the various light requirements of indoor plants including examples of plants in each light level.
B. Describe the cultural requirements for growing indoor plants.
C. Identify and explain plant issues specific to indoor plants.
- 19. Landscape Grasses
A. Identify specific landscape circumstances in which grasses are effective.
B. Describe the culture, growth habits, life cycle, flowering and color of specific landscape grasses.
C. Explain hardiness issues and winter-care of landscape grasses.
- 20. Roses
A. Explain the difference between hybrid tea roses and hardy shrub roses and their culture.
B. Identify the best varieties of roses for various planting sites.
C. Explain how to plant a hybrid tea rose and a shrub rose and explain the differences in fertilizer requirements, insect and disease control, and their preparation for winter.
- 21. Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines
A. Describe the differences between invasive and non-invasive species and explain the significance of this to the industry.
B. Describe the differences between gymnosperms and angiosperms and provide examples of each.
C. Identify the factors considered when selecting plant material for specific sites.
D. Identify which plants will thrive in various environmental and edaphic sites.
E. Identify trees shrubs and vines via specific plant characteristics in their growing and dormant stages.
- 22. MNLA Certification Plant Identification Resource
A. Explain the importance of genus, species and variety in plant classification.
B. Identify the plants in the photo Plant Identification Resource CD.
C. Explain the USDA Plant Hardiness Zones and the reasons for their use.