24. Soils for Nursery and Landscape Management
25. Fertilization for Nursery and Landscape Management
26. Planting and Transplanting
27. Irrigation Management
28. Pruning, Trees, Shrubs, Evergreens and Perennials in the Nursery and Landscape
29. Landscape Management
30. Professional Gardening
31. Turf Management
32. Garden Center Plant Management
33. Vegetable Gardening
34. Water Gardens
- Chapter 24. Soils for Nursery and Landscape Management
A. Identify and describe the components of soil.
B. Explain what soil structure is and its effect on plants.
C. Explain what soil texture is and its effect on plants.
D. Explain what compaction is and its effect on soil structure and plant growth.
E. Identify and describe the reasons for, the effects of, the benefits of, any problems incurred, and the conditions for, adding amendments to soils.
F. Explain the optimum pH ranges for plants and explain why they are optimum.
G. Identify and explain the benefits, problems and conditions associated with adding amendments to soil.
- Chapter 25. Fertilization for Nursery and Landscape Management
A. Identify and describe what nutrient elements are required for plant growth and the magnitude and form in which they are absorbed.
B. Explain the function of nutrient elements in the plant and their symptoms of excess and deficiency.
C. Explain the fertilizer label, application rates, equipment calibration and the types of fertilizer to apply for specific uses.
D. Describe why a soil test may be a good indicator of what plants in a field or landscape require, and why it may not be a good indicator.
E. Describe how to obtain a meaningful soil sample.
- Chapter 26. Planting and Transplanting
A. Identify the factors which indicate what plants should be planted in various sites.
B. Describe the different types of packaging required for plants including Bare Root, Packaged, Field-potted, Container Grown, Containerized, Balled & Burlapped, and Spaded, and explain their application in the industry.
C. Explain the details of the Gopher State 1 System and explain why it is important and by whom it is administered.
D. Explain why planting depth is critical and describe the proper planting procedure for Bare Root and B&B plants.
- Chapter 27. Irrigation Management
A. Explain the water requirements of plants in general and identify the water requirements of some specific plants.
B. Identify the various types of Irrigation systems and describe their application in the industry.
C. Explain uniformity of irrigation application, why it is important and how is it achieved.
D. Explain how to determine water stress in plants, both drought and over-watering, and describe corrective measures.
- Chapter 28. Pruning Trees, Shrubs, Evergreens, and Perennials in the Nursery & Landscape
A. Describe the horticultural practices involved in the science and art of pruning.
B. Identify the key principles of pruning and describe the proper methods for removing branches.
C. Identify the proper pruning time of trees, shrubs, and evergreens, and the reasons why.
- Chapter 29. Landscape Management
A. Describe the major components and responsibility of general landscape management.
B. Explain the diagnostic procedures used in landscape management.
C. Identify and describe several plant problems, their possible causes, and their potential control or corrective procedures.
- Chapter 30. Professional Gardener
A. Identify the areas one must be knowledgeable in to be a professional gardener.
B. Describe the seasonal timelines and activities of a professional gardener.
C. Identify garden maintenance requirements of a professional gardener.
- Chapter 31. Turf Management
A. Identify turfgrasses suitable for various sites for lawns in Minnesota and why they are applicable.
B. Describe how to determine if a lawn should be established by seeding or sodding and describe the procedures for each.
C. Explain how to maintain turfgrass including, but not limited to, mowing, fertilizing, irrigation, aerification, thatch control, weed control, disease control, and insect control.
- Chapter 32. Garden Center Plant Management
A. Identify and explain the factors that influence the customer’s decision to shop at a certain garden center.
B. Describe the importance of high quality plant material and explain how to provide a “Production Mode” to maintain quality plants.
C. Describe the potting, packaging, labeling, displaying, and over-wintering of plant material and how to promote plants throughout the selling season.
- Chapter 33. Vegetable Gardens
A. Identify and describe vegetables types and their culture requirements including their approximate crop production timing schedules.
B. Identify and explain site and soil preparations for a vegetable garden including raised beds and container gardening.
C. Identify and explain fertility requirements and pest control measures for vegetable gardens of all types.
D. Describe warm and cold season crops and identify examples of each for various locations in Minnesota.
- Chapter 34. Water Gardens
A. Identify and describe different types of ponds and water features.
B. Identify and describe materials, both synthetic and natural, used in pond construction.
C. Describe the nitrogen cycle of a pond and explain how to obtain a balanced ecosystem.
D. Identify and describe appropriate plants for different types of ponds.
E. Explain the basics of water-garden maintenance.